Environmental human genomics
Environmental human genomics refers to non-genetic factors that interact with the human genome and have an impact on health and disease.
Environmental human genomics looks at climate and other related environmental factors and how they interact with the human genome to influence people's health.
Our work examines the current research on environmental human genomics, particularly research into genetic susceptibility to heat-related conditions. This includes understanding the scientific basis and ethical and societal implications of this information and analysing the evidence to inform discussion on the significance of this area for public healthcare.
Why it matters
Climate change is likely to create new environmental health risks, and exacerbate current ones. The analysis of environmental human genomics could help governments to understand population risk and plan accordingly.
Research is still in its early stages but this is a topic that will grow in relevance as we see increasing impact of the changing environment on human health. At the PHG Foundation, we are working to understand how human genetic factors could influence people's responses to hotter environments caused by climate change and the impact this will have on health.
The big picture for environmental human genomics
In our work on environmental human genomics we will also be touching on a range of issues that haven't previously been explored:
- Genome wide environmental interaction studies (GWEIS), the current best practice and limitations when using this to inform environmental human genomics research
- The feasibility of acquiring sufficient environmental data to inform large-scale research
- The utility of novel climate change related research
- The environmental costs of this type of research and its application on a population-level scale
If you would like to know more about this project, please contact Laura Blackburn